Tripura (twipra) is a small
hilly state situated in the North Eastern part of India. It is surrounded by
Bangladesh on three sides except on the east side that connects Tripura to India
through Assam and Mizoram. The languages spoken in this state are Kokborok,
Bengali, Manipuri and many other lesser known dialects that comprises of
Uchoi, Hrangkhawl, Halam, Mog, Rupini, Chakma, Darlong, Bongcher, Koloi.
Going back to history, Tripura
is one of the oldest kingdom, dates back to Mahabharata. One can also find it's
mentioned in the Ashoka pillars in the 3rd century BC. It has been continuously
ruled by more then 184 kings since its beginning. The indigenous people of
Tripura or tripuris are of Mongoloid origin.
Tripura was integrated with
India in 1949 and became a full fledged state in 1972, 21 January.
The indigenous people of Tripura
were marginalised and were reduced to minority in its home land due to large
influx of Hindu Bengali refugees from East Pakistan now Bangladesh mainly after
the Indo-Pak war in 1972. This has become the main cause of concern and problem
in Tripura. Today with the demographic change the tribal population were reduced
to minority consisting of merely 30% of Tripura's population.